Uda Devi Dalit Freedom Fighter: Heroine Uda Devi, who had to be respected even by her enemies
Uda Devi Dalit Freedom Fighter: Uda Devi killed 32 British soldiers in the freedom struggle of 1857 and then died.
Written By Mrityunjay Dixit
Uda Devi Dalit Freedom Fighter: People from all sections and castes of the society participated in the freedom struggle. But in history writing, the details of many revolutionaries were suppressed under a well-thought-out strategy. One such great woman revolutionary was Veerangana Uda Devi, who showed unmatched bravery in the freedom struggle. In the freedom struggle of 1857, Uda Devi had killed 32 British soldiers and then attained Veergati. More British journalists and officers have written about Uda Devi’s bravery than Indian historians. Indian historians did not give her the respect she deserved. But today, in the form of the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, such an occasion has come when we are remembering these forgotten brave soldiers. Uda Devi of Ujiriyaon village was born in Pasi caste Uda Devi of Ujiriyaon village of Lucknow district was born in Pasi caste, she was of militant nature since childhood. Her husband Mecca Pasi was a soldier in the platoon of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh. In view of the increasing interference of the British on the native princely states, a security squad of women was formed for the purpose of protecting the palace, then Uda Devi was also appointed as a member of it. Hazrat Mahal was very impressed with him. Within a few days of the appointment, Uda Devi was made the commander of the women’s army of Begum Hazrat Mahal. The British army was amazed by the indomitable courage, transparency and valor shown by Uda Devi as the commander of this women’s squad. At that time, many songs were also sung on the bravery of Uda Devi, in which there was one song –
Someone should tell them that they are weak, someone should call them strong. ,
The bugle of independence was blown on 10 May 1857
On May 10, 1857, after blowing the bugle of independence, there was a historic battle with the Lucknow army under the leadership of Henry Lawrence at Ismailganj near Chinhat, Lucknow. Henry Lawrence’s army ran away in this battle, but Uda Devi’s husband Makka Pasi was sacrificed in a display of unprecedented valor, then Uda Devi took an oath on her husband’s dead body to avenge his sacrifice. The women soldiers of Uda Devi were present. The British army was preparing to avenge the defeat of Chinhat. He learned that about two thousand rebel soldiers had taken shelter in Secunderabad, Lucknow. On 16 November 1857, British soldiers under the leadership of Colin Campbell laid siege to Sikandar Bagh when the freedom fighters were either sleeping or careless. At that time the female soldier of Uda Devi was also present here. The British soldiers were moving fast, brutally killing the unwary soldiers. Thousands of soldiers had been killed. Defeat was visible in front. Uda Devi, who was present with the women’s contingent in one part of the ground, dressed in men’s clothes. Taking a gun and full ammunition in her hands, she climbed a tall Peepal tree.
Uda Devi single-handedly killed 32 soldiers of the British Army. Seeing the British soldiers coming to that part of the field, Uda Devi started firing on them. They did not allow the British soldiers to enter until their ammunition was exhausted. Uda Devi single-handedly killed 32 British soldiers, including two senior officers of the British Army, Cooper and Lamsdon. After the bullets were exhausted, the British soldiers surrounded the tree and fired indiscriminately on them. Seeing no solution, when she started coming down from the tree, she was riddled with bullets. When the body of Uda Devi, dressed in a tight red jacket and pants, fell from the tree, her jacket came open. Campbell was surprised to see that the recipient of the martyrdom was not a man but a woman. It is said that in awe of Uda Devi’s stupendous bravery, Campbell saluted her by taking off his hat.
British sergeant Forbes Mitchell and the then correspondent of London Times, William Howard Russell, prominently mentioned causing heavy damage to the English army. In the dispatch of the battle sent to London, a woman disguised as a man fired from a peepal tree and inflicted heavy casualties on the English army. Damage was prominently mentioned.
Many newspapers of London had published articles on the bravery of Uda Devi. His statue is installed in the protected memorial at Sikandra Bagh intersection in Lucknow.
Courtesy : News Track
Note: This news piece was originally published in newstrack.com and used purely for non-profit/non-commercial purposes exclusively for Human Rights .