Dr. Ambedkar’s views on the question of caste and today’s situation
It becomes important to look at his perspective on the caste system when we see how caste has played a decisive role in the recently held assembly elections in five states. Babasaheb wanted India to become caste free. But the opposite is happening. No one else discussed the question of caste as much as he did. Big movements have taken place and are going on in the country, but on the question of caste, everyone remains silent or avoids it.
– Udit Raj, Former Member, Lok Sabha
Dr. Ambedkar wrote the book “Destruction of Caste System” in 1936. In 1936, he received an invitation to preside over the Lahore session of Jat Pat Todak Mandal and he accepted it. Unfortunately, the Jat Pat Todak Mandal canceled the conference. He had come to know that Dr. Ambedkar was going to speak with full intellectual honesty on the discussion of caste. He will speak to destroy the evils of Hinduism. Will talk about the destruction of the basis on which the caste was formed.
Due to this fear, the organizers canceled the conference. Babasaheb was deeply saddened by this and the person who was going to speak there, he gave it the form of a book which was published as “Destruction of caste”. This is a very popular document.
Big leaders of the freedom movement avoided this question. Babasaheb was worried that even after the country became independent, Dalits, backward and women would remain slaves of Manuwadis. Being divided into castes, India repeatedly lost wars and became enslaved. Apart from this, he believed that each caste is a nation in itself and without it, a strong democracy would never be established in India, which is true today. As long as there is caste devotion, it is dishonest to talk about patriotism. Has there ever been an election on basic issues without caste or is it going to happen? The answer is, never!
At the time of the establishment of the Congress Party, it took up the social subject, but gave full emphasis on the political discussion over time. Even the communists could not pay attention to this issue. They believed that education and industrialization would automatically end caste. The middle class with double character has been shamelessly advocating that caste is a thing of the past while they themselves marry and eat in their own caste. If anyone looks at the Times of India or the newspapers in which matrimonial advertisements are published more, then 90% demand is for a relationship within the caste itself.
Despite this, to say that caste is a thing of the past, what can be more mental dishonesty than this. Mental dishonesty is more deadly than economic corruption. Education, journalism, writing, art and cultural programs have not played any role in the destruction of caste and no hope can be expected. The middle class in the societies of Europe, America etc. has been progressive and here we have a status quoist and a reaction as well.
Dr. Ambedkar’s concern was not only to free the Dalits by attacking the caste, but also on the questions of economic, political and nationalism, etc. The social system has been at the root of why they remained behind in production, industry and trade for thousands of years. Those who do labor were considered lowly and backward and those who use their tongue and give speeches have been the rulers. Those who sweat in the fields of leather, iron, weapons, agriculture etc. were considered low and backward. If there is no reward for the work, then why would anyone take interest in it or do research.
The more widely Dr. Ambedkar’s birth anniversary is celebrated in the country, the more it is possible for any great man. Jubilee programs continue not only from 10th April till 30th April. Even till June and July it is celebrated in some places. Kanshi Ram ji promoted Dr. Ambedkar the most in North India. BSP was founded on the birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar. Dalits, backward and minorities were told to become rulers. The sad part of Kanshiram ji’s case is that he quoted some of Dr. Ambedkar’s thoughts as per his convenience, but never touched the original philosophy. The original philosophy was caste annihilation, but here there is talk of caste consolidation. Organized Dalits and backward by keeping the exploiter in front. BJP gathered Hindus by showing Muslims. BSP talked about getting power and did not even touch all the everyday, constitutional, reservation, education, land and participation in judiciary etc. Not even discussing the question of privatization. It is believed that no one else could understand caste more than Kanshi Ram ji and created equations before him. It is also said that whose number is heavy, his number is heavy. The matter of prohibition of caste was neither visible in theory nor in practice. People understood this as the mission of Babasaheb.
In the 2017 UP elections, everyone failed in front of the caste maths as accurately as it was made. Non-Yadavs were shifted from SP and non-Jatavs from BSP. Tragically, many smaller parties were formed by breaking away from BSP and it proved to be a boon for BJP. SP and BSP did such things that non-Yadavs and non-Jatavs started feeling cheated. Due to the wisdom of BJP, the leaders of all castes were caught in one way or the other and kept the cream with themselves. The people who came out of SP and BSP have given something or the other and the power is with them. Some are MLAs, some are MPs and some are under their control.
There can be no bigger lie than the one who says that caste has ended. It may be that some people are not doing this intentionally, but due to a conspiracy, caste is not being discussed even today. The ruling class deliberately sidesteps this question. Now even the leaders of Dalits and backward castes are far away from discussion, but are engaged in further strengthening the caste system. Due to caste mobilization, MPs, MLAs and some are being made. India’s misfortune is that it is never going to end. As long as this social system exists, we do not have a good future.
Courtesy : Dalit Dastak
Note: This news piece was originally published in dalitdastak.com and used purely for non-profit/non-commercial purposes exclusively for Human Rights.
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