Dr. Ambedkar had warned Dalits on the threat of Razakars.
Today is 17th September i.e. ‘Hyderabad Liberation Day’. On this day in 1948, Hyderabad was freed from the clutches of the Nizam and merged into India. Union Home Minister Amit Shah visited the parade ground in Hyderabad and paid tribute to the soldiers who fought against the Nizam’s army and the Razakars (armed supporters of the Nizam’s rule).
By Ananya Dewan
Even before the country got independence on 15 August 1947, the Nizam was trying to make Hyderabad an independent country. Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan issued a decree on 3 June 1947 declaring Hyderabad an independent country. After this, Hyderabad was merged into India under the leadership of Sardar Patel.
When talks were going on to merge Hyderabad with India, Nizam of Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan had rejected the request for merger with India. He was assured by Razakar leader Qasim Rizvi that if India takes any kind of military action to annex Hyderabad, then Razakars under his leadership will fight the Indian Army.
To intimidate the Indian leadership, the cruel Razakars and Nizam’s soldiers under the leadership of Qasim started oppressing the Hindus of the state. Not only this, Qasim Rizvi threatened that if India tried to take any military action against it, it would get nothing except the bones and ashes of 1.40 crore Hindus. VP Menon has mentioned this in his book ‘The Integration of States’.
Seeing the atrocities of the Razakars, the then Union Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel started Operation Polo on 13 September 1948 and annexed Hyderabad to India on 17 September. In the five-day action, 1373 Razakars and 807 soldiers of the Hyderabad state were killed. At the same time, 66 soldiers of the Indian Army also attained martyrdom.
In the end the Nizam and the Razakars, an organization of fundamentalist Muslims, surrendered. After this Rizvi was arrested and put in jail and Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen was banned. After being kept in jail for almost a decade, Qasim Rizvi was released on the condition that he would go to Pakistan within 48 hours. Rizvi was given asylum by Pakistan.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar had expressed his clear views regarding the Hyderabad Liberation Movement. He had said that the people living under the tyrannical rule of the Nizam started a big movement against the Nizam. Many heroes sacrificed their lives in this. Apart from Dr. Ambedkar, the Scheduled Caste Federation also openly opposed the Nizam.
At that time, the state president of the federation, Bhausaheb More, had distributed a pamphlet against the Nizam regarding the Dalit community. It was said in it that the Nizam should be overthrown and a democratic government should be formed in its place. This should be the policy of every follower of Ambedkar. Dalits should not join the Razakars either.” Even Dalit leader More had forbidden Dalits from going to Muslim areas.
Dr. Ambedkar had also appealed to the Dalits of Hyderabad. He had said, “I want to say only one thing that trusting the Muslims of Pakistan, Nizam and Muslim League will harm the Dalit community. Dalits of Pakistan or Hyderabad should not turn to Islam. Their primary objective should be to protect their lives.”
Dr. Ambedkar said that the Dalit community of Hyderabad should not accept the Nizam. Dr. Ambedkar had further said, “We should not tarnish the face of our community by supporting those who are against India.” This statement of Dr. Ambedkar has been mentioned by Dhananjay Keer in his book ‘Biography of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’.
The first rally by Dr. Ambedkar against the Nizam was organized on 30 December 1938 at Makranpur in Kannada district. In the same rally in Aurangabad, Bhausaheb More had given the slogan of ‘Jai Bhim’ before Dr. Ambedkar. This rally played a big role in the Hyderabad liberation movement.
In fact, the Nizam had crossed the limits of oppression of Dalits. The Nizam’s rule had become infamous for its atrocities against Hindus and people began to rebel against his rule. Due to this the Nizam got many leaders of the Scheduled Caste Federation murdered. In protest against this, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar also came in support of the Dalit leaders.
Baba Saheb was hurt by the atrocities on Dalits and their conversion. The condition of Dalits was even worse in Marathwada, which came under the rule of the Nizam. Dalits were discriminated against on a large scale and were also deprived of education. Through the efforts of Dr. Ambedkar and Sardar Patel, Marathwada became free from the clutches of the Nizam. After this, schools and colleges were opened there on a large scale.
Let us tell you that this is the same Marathwada whose liberation is opposed by the leaders of Asaduddin Owaisi’s party AIMIM. AIMIM MPs were also absent from the tricolor hoisting program on Marathwada Liberation Day. This is the same AIMIM, which is related to the Razakars’ MIM and Owaisi’s ancestors were associated with it. In this way, those who hate Dalits from within are talking about ‘Jai Bhim Jai Meem’ for the sake of politics.
Courtesy : Connexionblog
Note: This news piece was originally published in connexionblog.com and used purely for non-profit/non-commercial purposes exclusively for Human Right